Bedbugs are small, flat and oval-shaped blood-feeding insects that exist all over the world. The household bed bug (Cimex lectularius) is the most widely known type of bed bug because human hosts are its preferred source of food. Adults are brown in color, but they turn rusty red after a blood meal.
They move from one host to another by crawling and are transported by people unknowingly through infested clothing, luggage, backpacks, purses and other kinds of items. They are named bed bugs because they are fond of hiding in bedding and mattresses, but they’ll also be found in furniture, carpets, and other household items.
Skin Problems Caused by Bed Bugs
Bed bugs hide at daytime and become active at night so that they can feed. They bite on the exposed skin areas of people while they are in their sleep. Some people don’t experience a reaction to a bed bug bite but some do. Those that do develop itching, blisters, red welts, hives or swelling the day after being bitten.
Sometimes when individual experiences a burning sensation and itching on the bitten parts of their skin, it may develop into a rash. Scratching on these parts of the skin can result in a secondary infection or swelling and bleeding.
Treatment is usually not required for bed bug bites. Oral antihistamines or topical steroid creams may be used to relieve the symptoms of severe itching or allergic reactions.
Home Remedies to Get Rid of Bed Bugs
Getting rid of these insects is not necessarily an easy task. However, there are effective home remedies available on how to get rid of bed bugs.
Because of the fact that bed bugs can’t survive severe cold or hot temperatures, methods such as hot washes and steam cleaning to get rid of them are very effective. A handheld steam blower, in this case, works really well because the steam is able to get into small crevices and cracks. You can also wash and dry bedding, clothing or curtains on high heat for periods longer than 30 minutes to ensure they are all eliminated.
It’s also recommended that you vacuum all the rooms in your house. Using a vacuum cleaner to suck up both the bed bugs and their eggs is a simple and efficient way of eradicating bed bugs.
Sprinkling Diatomaceous Earth on crevices where the bed bugs are hiding also effectively kills and gets rid of them. Food grade DE is non-toxic which means that it can be used anywhere in the house.
Where more larger areas are infested, one can also prepare their own natural insecticide from lavender oil or tea tree oil and use the homemade spray to kill the bed bugs. Tea tree oil has insecticidal properties and Lavender oil, on the other hand, has insect-repellent properties that are toxic to bed bugs. They can be sprayed daily around the house until all the bed bugs are gone.